What Is Pneumonia ?

What is pneumonia? Pneumonia – a group of different etiology, pathogenesis and morphological characteristics of acute infectious disease characterized by a primary lesion of the lungs and respiratory presence vnutrialveolyarnoy exudation. For inflammation in the lungs of infectious nature (allergic, eosinophilic, toxic, radiation, etc.) uses the term "pneumonia". Pneumonia is among the most common diseases encountered in general practice physician. Prevalence of pneumonia in Russia is 3.86 per 1000 adult population. Pneumonia occur at any age, but more often – in children and in persons over 60 years. Fatality rate for pneumonia among young and middle age is 1-3%, and the elderly in the presence of concomitant diseases mortality increases to 15-30%. 2 – Ha than the established classification of pneumonia? Today been adopted classification of pneumonia, which takes into account the context in which it developed, especially infection of lung tissue and the state of immunological reactivity patient.

In accordance with these conditions can be likely to assume the etiology of pneumonia, which should be considered when antibiotic therapy. There are kinds of pneumonia. 1. Community-acquired pneumonia (home, outpatient). 2. Nosocomial pneumonia (hospital, nosocomial).

3. Aspiration pneumonia (in epilepsy, alcoholism, disorders of swallowing, vomiting, etc.). 4. Pneumonia in patients with severe immune defects (in congenital immunodeficiency, hiv infection, drug addiction, alcoholism, cancer, agranulocytosis, the use of immunosuppressive therapy). Separation of pneumonia, depending on conditions on the occurrence of community-acquired and nosocomial due to significant differences in their etiology, clinical course and prognosis. Community-acquired pneumonia most often develops in the absence of severe physical illness, proceed positively, there are a epidemic period (influenza, SARS), in close teams, in contact with animals, birds, etc.

Tuesday, May 3rd, 2011 News